Structural Changes in the Legal System of India

The legal system of a country is an inextricable part of its social system. It tells about the society’s political, economic, social and cultural characteristics. Therefore, it is always hard to understand the judicial system of a country outside its socio-cultural background. While talking in the context of India, it is still unconnected and non-understood to the majority of Indians whose contact with it is marginal. The technicality and language is also the factor which limits the access of impoverished mass of the country to the legal system.

The legal system of India is considered one of the oldest systems in the history of the entire world. It has gone through various changes throughout its course of history. The roots of the legal justice system in India takes us back to the Vedic period. It was the time where the law was generally accepted as a religious prescription and philosophical discourse. In that time, the law was mostly driven by the religious texts like Vedas and Upanishads.

With the course of time, the legal system has changed because of invasions and rules of different rulers. During the reign of Muslims and British, the judicial system of India went into drastic structural changes. Under the Mughal empire, the country was ruled by the efficient system of government. This led to the more structuralized form of the judicial system. The Muslim kings brought high ideals in India with them. During the Mughal time, the unit of judicial administration was established which was called Qazi-an. Every provincial capital of the Mughal empire had its own Qazi and the head of the judicial administration was the supreme Qazi of the empire which was also called Qazi-ul-quzat).

With the British empire, the common law system came into being in India. This system was based on the recorded judicial precedents. This structured the legal judicial system and established many courts in the various parts of the country. This was the time when coding of law begins.

After the independence of India, the constitution of the newly independent nation had the power to formulate the legal structure of the country. Since then, the Constitution of India is the guiding light in all the matters of the legislature, executive and judicial system of the country. By the virtue of the constitution of India, each state has its own judicial unit and with the power of Article 141, the Supreme Court shall have the binding power of all courts in India.

Despite being the oldest and going through various reforms, the Indian legal system is still tedious and orthodox in approach. It still needs modern structural changes for increasing its efficiency. Since independence, there have been many challenges in the judicial system of India that need to be targeted. With its structural depth, it is prone to challenges like a backlog of pending cases, lack of transparency, minimal interaction with society and hardships of under-trials.

Therefore, mLeAP has come into business for providing best online legal research services via AI. This modern approach is the need of today and promises a good and effective future of the legal system in India.

mLeAP is currently offered to lawyers, law firms and law universities. It offers legal research capabilities along with document analysis service. It helps lawyer ease their research effort using Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing. A user can use plain English case facts to find out various informations about his/her case.